Influence of pressure on pyrolysis of black liquor: 1. Swelling

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Whitty K, Backman R, Hupa M
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication year: 2008
Journal: Bioresource Technology
Journal acronym: BIORESOURCE TECHNOL
Volume number: 99
Issue number: 3
Start page: 663
End page: 670
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0960-8524


Abstract

This is the first of two papers concerning the behavior of black liquor during pyrolysis under pressurized conditions. Two industrial kraft liquors were pyrolyzed in a laboratory-scale pressurized single particle reactor and a pressurized grid heater at temperatures ranging from 650 to 1100 degrees C and at pressures between 1 and 20 bar. The dimensions of the chars produced were measured and the specific swollen volume was calculated. Swelling decreased roughly logarithmically over the pressure range 1-20 bar. An expression is developed to predict the specific swollen volume at elevated pressure when the volume at 1 bar is known. The bulk density of the char increased with pressure, indicating that liquors will be entrained less easily at higher pressures.


Keywords

black liquor, bulk density, pressure, pyrolysis, swelling

Last updated on 2020-26-02 at 05:39