Ammonia formation and release in the kraft recovery cycle: an overview

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Kymalainen M, Forssen M, DeMartini N, Hupa M
Publiceringsår: 2002
Tidskrift: Pulp & Paper Canada
Tidskriftsakronym: PULP PAP-CANADA
Volym: 103
Nummer: 5
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 38
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 41
Antal sidor: 4
ISSN: 0316-4004


A significant amount of nitrogen (N) - the amount corresponding to the amount of N in the NOx emission from the recovery boiler - converts to the form of ammonia (NH3) during green and white liquor processing. The NH3-forming compound is cyanate (OCN-), which originates in the smelt from the recovery boiler. There are several release points for this ammonia, bill in all, this ammonia is removed from the recovery process at latest during the first effects of black liquor evaporation.


ammonia, black liquors, kraft liquors, nitrogen, recovery furnaces, smelt synthesis

Senast uppdaterad 2020-21-02 vid 04:50