Chemical composition and content of lipophilic seed extractives of some Abies and Picea species

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Annika Smeds, Stefan Willför
Publication year: 2016
Journal: Chemistry and Biodiversity
Journal acronym: CHEM BIODIVERS
Volume number: 13
Issue number: 9
Start page: 1194
End page: 1201
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 1612-1872
eISSN: 1612-1880


The chemical content and composition of the lipophilic extracts from seeds of some fir species: Abies alba, A. cephalonica, A. concolor, and A. koreana, as well as of a few spruce species: Picea abies, P. orientalis, and P. pungens, were examined. The amount of lipophilic extractives is diverse among the tree species and it varies from 9.8% to 41% of seeds. The chemical characterization showed significant differences, not only in the content, but also in the composition of extractives. However, most of the identified compounds like resin alcohols, -aldehydes, and -acids, as well as fatty acids, were detected in the seed extracts of all the examined tree species. The dominating identified compound group was esterified fatty acids (2.5 - 55.4% w/w of dry extract), occurring mainly as tri-and diglycerides, as well as free acids. The main representatives of this group were linoleic and oleic acids. The resin acids, among which the main were abietic, neoabietic, dehydroabietic, and palustric acids, were also detected at high levels, from 1.8% to 16.9% of the dry seed extracts. Phytosterols, tocopherols, resin hydrocarbons, and resin esters, as well as fatty alcohols were also identified. The coniferous tree seeds, as a renewable natural material, could represent a prospective raw material for producing valuable chemicals.


Abies, Fatty acids, Lipophilic extractives, Picea, Resin acids, Seeds, Sterols, Tocopherols

Last updated on 2019-13-11 at 04:06