SPRED1 Interferes with K-ras but Not H-ras Membrane Anchorage and Signaling

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Siljamäki E, Abankwa D
Publisher: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Publication year: 2016
Journal: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Journal acronym: MOL CELL BIOL
Volume number: 36
Issue number: 20
Start page: 2612
End page: 2625
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 0270-7306
eISSN: 1098-5549


Abstract

The Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is tightly controlled by negative feedback regulators, such as the tumor suppressor SPRED1. The SPRED1 gene also carries loss-of-function mutations in the RASopathy Legius syndrome. Growth factor stimulation translocates SPRED1 to the plasma membrane, triggering its inhibitory activity. However, it remains unclear whether SPRED1 there acts at the level of Ras or Raf. We show that pharmacological or galectin-1 (Gal-1)-mediated induction of B-and C-Raf-containing dimers translocates SPRED1 to the plasma membrane. This is facilitated in particular by SPRED1 interaction with B-Raf and, via its N terminus, with Gal-1. The physiological significance of these novel interactions is supported by two Legius syndrome-associated mutations that show diminished binding to both Gal-1 and B-Raf. On the plasma membrane, SPRED1 becomes enriched in acidic membrane domains to specifically perturb membrane organization and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling of active K-ras4B (here, K-ras) but not H-ras. However, SPRED1 also blocks on the nanoscale the positive effects of Gal-1 on H-ras. Therefore, a combinatorial expression of SPRED1 and Gal-1 potentially regulates specific patterns of K-ras-and H-ras-dependent signaling output. More broadly, our results open up the possibility that related SPRED and Sprouty proteins act in a similar Ras and Raf isoform-specific manner.

Last updated on 2019-22-10 at 03:08