Relating charge transport, contact properties, and recombination to open-circuit voltage in sandwich-type thin-film solar cells

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Oskar J. Sandberg, Anton Sundqvist, Mathias Nyman, Ronald Österbacka
Förläggare: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Publiceringsår: 2016
Tidskrift: Physical Review Applied
Tidskriftsakronym: PHYS REV APPL
Volym: 5
Nummer: 4
Antal sidor: 14
ISSN: 2331-7019
eISSN: 2331-7019


Abstrakt

To avoid surface recombination at the contacts and ensure efficient charge collection and high open-circuit voltages (VOC) in organic bulk heterojunction and perovskite solar cells, selective contacts with optimized energy levels are needed. However, a detailed theoretical understanding of how the device performance is affected by surface recombination at the contacts is still lacking. In this work, the influence of surface recombination on the open-circuit voltage in sandwich-type solar cells, with optically thin active layers, is clarified using numerical simulations. Furthermore, analytical expressions are derived, directly relating VOC to relevant device parameters, such as surface recombination velocity (Sp), mobility, and active layer thickness. At large Sp, the surface recombination is determined by diffusion-limited transport in the bulk. By reducing Sp, thus increasing the charge selectivity of the electrode, the surface recombination is eventually reduced as the transport becomes limited by interface kinetics at the contact. Depending on the interplay between surface recombination and bulk recombination, and the properties of the contacts, different operating regimes are identified featuring different light ideality factors and thickness dependences.

Senast uppdaterad 2019-10-12 vid 01:14