The diagnostic accuracy of an incidental memory modification of the Boston Naming Test (memo-BNT) in differentiating between normal aging and mild Alzheimer's disease

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Karrasch M, Myllyniemi A, Latvasalo L, Soderholm C, Ellfolk U, Laine M
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Publication year: 2010
Journal: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Journal acronym: CLIN NEUROPSYCHOL
Volume number: 24
Issue number: 8
Start page: 1355
End page: 1364
Number of pages: 10
ISSN: 1385-4046


Abstract

Early Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with deficits in episodic memory. Semantic memory and naming have also been found to be affected, although to a lesser degree than episodic memory. Most episodic memory tests used in clinical settings assess intentional memory. The aim of the present paper was to present an incidental memory modification of the Boston Naming Test (memo-BNT) and to study the diagnostic accuracy of the BNT and the memo-BNT in differentiating between healthy old controls and AD patients. There were three groups in the study: 22 young controls (mean age 21.7), 23 normally aged old controls (mean age 70.6), and 23 patients with mild AD (mean age 74.0). There were no differences in the memo-BNT test scores between the old and young control participants. There were, however, significant differences between the AD patients and both control groups in several of the memo-BNT measures. Incidental free recall was the best measure in discriminating between the healthy aged controls and the AD patients (AUC = .939) and it had a better diagnostic accuracy than naming (AUC = 880). The results indicate that the memo-BNT could be used in clinical settings especially to differentiate between normal aging and mild AD.


Keywords

Aging, Alzheimer's disease, Episodic memory, Incidental memory, Memo-BNT, Naming, Neuropsychological test

Last updated on 2019-19-08 at 06:57