Lignin and other aromatic substances released from spruce wood during pressurized hot-water extraction, Part 1: Extraction, fractionation and physico-chemical characterization

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Ivan Sumerskiy, Andrey Pranovich, Bjarne Holmbom, Stefan Willför
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Publication year: 2015
Journal: Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology
Journal acronym: J WOOD CHEM TECHNOL
Volume number: 35
Issue number: 6
Start page: 387
End page: 397
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0277-3813
eISSN: 1532-2319


Abstract

Ground spruce wood was extracted with pressurized hot water in an accelerated solvent extractor (ASE) at 170 degrees C during 20, 60, and 100 min. Released aromatic substances (from 2.2 to 2.5% on wood basis) were isolated on XAD-7 resin and fractionated into lignin, oligomeric aromatic substances (OAS), and compounds insoluble in methanol (IMC). The separated aromatic fractions, and the ground wood before and after extraction, were characterized by physico-chemical methods (GC, GC-MS, HPLC-SEC, TG, DSC). The major part of the aromatic substances was oligomeric aromatic substances (OAS). This fraction increased significantly with the extraction time, while the yield of dissolved lignin increased only slightly with extraction time. Isolated lignins had a lower molar mass and differed considerably from spruce milled wood lignin (MWL). The isolated lignins were more stable against oxidative thermodegradation than spruce MWL. The UV-extinction coefficients at 280 nm were lower for the isolated lignins than for MWL.


Keywords

Hot-water extraction, lignin characterization, lignin isolation, spruce wood, XAD-7 resin

Last updated on 2019-12-11 at 02:46