Human activities and resultant pressures on key European marine habitats: An analysis of mapped resources

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Dailianis T, Smith CJ, Papadopoulou N, Gerovasileiou V, Sevastou K, Bekkby T, Bilan M, Billett D, Boström C, Carreiro-Silva M, Danovaro R, Fraschetti S, Gagnon K, Gambi C, Grehan A, Kipson S, Kotta J, McOwen CJ, Morato T, Ojaveer H, Pham CK, Scrimgeour R
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Marine Policy
Volume number: 98
Start page: 1
End page: 10


Human activities exert a wide range of pressures on marine ecosystems, often resulting in the loss of species and
degradation of habitats. If effective policies and management practices to restore past damage and reduce future
impacts to the marine environment are to be developed, knowledge of the extent, duration and severity of
activities and pressures is essential, yet often lacking. As part of the EU H2020 project “Marine Ecosystem
Restoration in Changing European Seas”, this study uses an exhaustive review of published records, web re-
sources, and grey literature to comprehensively assess the degree to which human activities and pressures are
mapped within European seas. The results highlight a number of limitations and gaps, including: (a) limited
geographic coverage at both the regional and sub-regional level; (b) insufficient spatial resolution and accuracy
in recorded data for the planning of conservation and restoration actions; (c) a lack of access to the background
data and metadata upon which maps are based, thus limiting the potential for synthesis of multiple data sources.
Based on the findings, several recommendations for future marine research initiatives arise, most importantly
the need for coordinated, geographically extended baseline assessments of the distribution and intensity of
human activities and pressures, complying with high-level standardization regarding methodological approaches
and the treatment of produced data.

Last updated on 2019-05-12 at 03:30