Cyclic carbonation and calcination studies of limestone and dolomite for CO2 separation from combustion flue gases

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Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Senthoorselvan S, Gleis S, Hartmut S, Yrjas P, Hupa M
Editors: ASME
Place: Three Park Avenue, NY
Publication year: 2008
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME
Book title: 53rd ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea and Air
Title of series: ASME Proceedings
Volume number: 2
Start page: 997
End page: 1006
Number of pages: 10
ISBN: 978-0-7918-4312-3
eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2


Abstract

Naturally occurring limestone and dolomite samples, originating from different geographical locations, were tested as potential sorbents for carbonation/calcination based CO2 capture from combustion flue gases. Samples have been studied in a thermo gravimetric analyzer under a simulated flue gas conditions at three calcination temperatures, viz., 750°C, 875°C and 930°C for four Carbonation Calcination Reaction (CCR) cycles. The dolomite sample exhibited the highest rate of carbonation than the tested limestones. At 3rd cycle, its CO2 capture capacity per kg of sample was nearly equal to that of Gotland, the highest reacting limestone tested. At 4th cycle it surpassed Gotland, despite the fact that the CaCO3 content of Sibbo dolomite was only 2/3 of Gotland. Decay coefficients were calculated by a curve fitting exercise and its value is lowest for Sibbo dolomite. That means, most probably its capture capacity per kg of sample would remain higher, well beyond the 4th cycle. There was a strong correlation between the calcination temperature, specific surface area of the calcined samples and degree of carbonation. It was observed that higher the calcination temperature lower the sorbent reactivity. The BET measurements and SEM images provided quantitative and qualitative evidences to prove this. For a given limestone/dolomite sample, sorbent’s CO2 capture capacity was depend on the number of CCR cycles and the calcination temperature. In a CCR loop, if the sorbent is utilized only for a certain small number of cycles (<20), the CO2 capture capacity could be increased by lowering the calcination temperature. According to the equilibrium thermodynamics, the CO2 partial pressure in the calciner should be lowered to lower the calcination temperature. This can be achieved by additional steam supply into the calciner. Steam could then be condensed in an external condenser to single out the CO2 stream from the exit gas mixture of the calciner. A calciner design based on this concept is illustrated.


Keywords

Combustion, flue gases, Separation, sorbents, steam

Last updated on 2019-21-11 at 03:39