Impact of torrefaction on chemical structure of woody biomass

A4 Konferenspublikationer


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Shoulaifar TK, DeMartini N, Zevenhoven M, Willfor S, Pranovich A, Smeds A, Virtanen T, Maunu SL, Verhoeff F, Kiel J, Hupa M
Förläggare: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Förlagsort: Washington, D. C
Publiceringsår: 2013
Tidskrift: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society
Moderpublikationens namn: 246th ACS National Meeting & Exposition
Tidskriftsakronym: ABSTR PAP AM CHEM S
Volym: 246
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: ENFL-521
Antal sidor: 1
ISBN: 9780841229440
ISSN: 0065-7727


Abstrakt

Torrefaction is a thermochem. pretreatment of biomass at temps. of 200-​300 °C in an inert atm. This method improves the final characteristics of the fuel, amongst them resistance to biodegrdn., less hydrophilicity, better grindability and higher energy d. In spite of the available information about torrefaction, several aspects of thermal effect on wood needs further research, including the chem. changes of wood constituents during torrefaction. In this study with birch chips torrefied in a pilot reactor at ECN, The Netherlands, cellulose and hemicellulose degrdn. was measured by sugar anal. and acetone extractable material was measured by gravimetry. Changes in the lignin structure were measured by CNMR. Pentosan's decrease by more than 50​% already at 240 °C and cellulose degrdn. is less than 50​%, while mass loss increases from 19 wt.​% to 35 wt.​%, Fig.1. Acetone extn. shows a significant increase in total amt. of extractives by gravimetry at mild torrefaction and then a gradual decrease at higher temps. The sharp increase at mild torrefaction is due to degrdn. of carbohydrates and lignin polymers to their monomers. Anal. by GC-​MS shows an increase in extractives such as lignans and vanillin among others. A better understanding of the chem. of torrefaction has implications for both its usage in the energy field, and perhaps other biorefinery applications such as fine chems.

Senast uppdaterad 2019-14-12 vid 03:35