Case study for production of calcium carbonate from carbon dioxide in flue gases and steelmaking slag

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Sebastian Teir, Tuukka Kotiranta, Jouko Pakarinen, Hannu-Petteri Mattila
Publiceringsår: 2016
Tidskrift: Journal of CO2 utilization
Tidskriftsakronym: J CO2 UTIL
Volym: 14
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 37
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 46
Antal sidor: 10
ISSN: 2212-9820
eISSN: 2212-9820


In this work, a concept for producing calcium carbonate from argon oxygen decarburisation (AOD) slag was further developed. In addition, its economic and environmental feasibility was evaluated. In the studied case, a stainless steel plant generating AOD slag and a paper plant requiring calcium carbonate are situated at a relatively close distance. The studied concept uses ammonium chloride as solvent for extracting calcium from the slag. In a subsequent step, the extracted calcium reacts with CO2 in lime kiln flue gas and precipitates as calcium carbonate. First, an industrial application of the concept was designed including the following units: a reverse osmosis unit enabling better recovery of ammonium chloride, an evaporator for removing excess water from the process, and a scrubber for removing ammonia vapours from the flue gases. The process was modelled, after which the investment costs and operational costs were estimated, and its environmental footprint was assessed. The results indicate that the process could in its current stage of development be economic for producing calcium carbonate for replacing ground calcium carbonate used by paper mills. If the net annual profit would be used as payment on the investment, the payback period would be 2.2 years. As the process consumes CO2 the process would have negative CO2 emissions, avoiding 0.3 t CO2 per tonne calcium carbonate produced. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


CaCO3, CO2 utilisation, GCC, PCC, Techno-economic evaluation

Senast uppdaterad 2020-17-01 vid 03:33