Business model innovation for eco-innovation: developing a boundary-spanning business model of an ecosystem integrator

A3 Book section, Chapters in research books

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Anastasia Tsvetkova, Magnus Gustafsson, Kim Wikström
Editors: Susana Garrido Azevedo, Marcus Brandenburg, Helena Carvalho, Virgílio Cruz-Machado
Place: Cham
Publication year: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Book title: Eco-Innovation and the Development of Business Models
Title of series: Greening of Industry Networks Studies
Volume number: 2
Start page: 221
End page: 241
ISBN: 978-3-319-05076-8
eISBN: 978-3-319-05077-5


Biogas production and its use as traffic fuel are discussed in this chapter as an example of a system eco-innovation that is struggling to become implemented in a focal municipality. The biogas producer and distributor as the owner of the “core technology” have the potential to become the integrator of a functioning ecosystem required for the innovation to succeed. The company’s business model, however, should be transformed to incorporate the radical and system nature of the eco-innovation as well as create a business solution that would make the technology profitable. The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate how an ecosystem integrator can develop a boundary-spanning business model that is capable of integrating the multitude of stakeholders into a working biogas-for-traffic solution, thereby achieving a system change. The chapter is based on the results of two research projects during which a sustainable local biogas-for-traffic solution and the business model of the ecosystem integrator were developed together with the major ecosystem stakeholders. The main principle of developing such a business model lies in considering business models of the relevant stakeholders and managing uncertainties pertinent to their integration into the biogas-for-traffic ecosystem.


Biogas, Boundary-spanning business model, Eco-innovation, Ecosystem integrator

Last updated on 2020-09-08 at 04:31