Evolution of Integrin I Domains

A3 Bokavsnitt, kapitel i forskningsböcker


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Mark S. Johnson, Bhanupratap Singh Chouhan
Redaktörer: D. Gullberg
Förlagsort: Dordrecht
Publiceringsår: 2014
Förläggare: Springer
Moderpublikationens namn: I Domain Integrins
Seriens namn: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Nummer i serien: 819
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 1
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 19
ISBN: 978-94-017-9152-6
eISBN: 2214-8019
ISSN: 0065-2598


Abstrakt




In humans, an ~200-residue ‘‘inserted’’ I domain, a von Willebrand factor A domain (vWFA), buds out from the b-propeller domain in 9 of 18 integrin a subunits. The vWFA domain is not unique to the a subunit as it is an integral part of all integrin b subunits and many other proteins. The bI domain has always been a component of integrins but the aI domain makes its appearance relatively late, in early chordates, since it is found in tunicates and later diverging species. The tunicate aI domains are distinct from the human collagen and leukocyte recognizing integrin a subunits, but fragments of integrins from agnathastomes suggest that the human-type aI domains arose in an ancestor of the very first vertebrate species. The rise of integrins with aI domains parallels the enormous changes in body plan and systemic development of the chordate line that began some 550 million or more years ago.





Nyckelord

alpha 2 beta 1 integrin, alpha I domain, evolution, integrins

Senast uppdaterad 2019-22-10 vid 03:38