Scale-up of manufacturing of printed enzyme electrodes for enzymatic power source applications

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Saara Tuurala, Otto-Ville Kaukoniemi, Leo von Hertzen, Johanna Uotila, Anu Vaari, Mikael Bergelin, Pia Sjöberg, Jan-Erik Eriksson, Maria Smolander
Publication year: 2014
Journal: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
Volume number: 44
Issue number: 7
Start page: 881
End page: 892
eISSN: 1572-8838


Production of printable enzymatic power sources was scaled up from laboratory to roll-to-roll (R2R) pilot production. The anode and cathode enzymes were glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The best laboratory-scale cells had a maximum power and energy density of 1.4 +/- A 0.1 A mu W cm(-2) and 5.5 +/- A 0.2 A mu Wh cm(-2), respectively. These values are 5 and 28 times higher compared to our previously published values. The R2R-produced cells had a maximum power and energy density of 0.40 +/- A 0.03 A mu W cm(-2) and 0.6 +/- A 0.1 A mu Wh cm(-2), respectively. This is 11 % of the best laboratory manufactured cells. It is suspected that the decrease in electrochemical performance originates from the lower mediator amount and higher drying temperature than that of the laboratory produced cells. However, the trials conducted in this work showed that printed enzymatic active layers can be fabricated and dried with a rotary screen-printing machine in R2R process. Hence, fully printed GOx//laccase power sources could be produced from R2R on a large scale for printed electronics applications.


Biopower sources, Enzymatic power sources, Mass production, Paper-based biofuel cells, Printing

Last updated on 2020-30-03 at 08:22