Chlorine in deposits during co-firing of biomass, peat, and coal in a full-scale CFBC boiler

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Publication Details

List of Authors: Yrjas P, Skrifvars BJ, Hupa M, Roppo J, Nylund M, Vainikka P
Editors: Jia L
Place: New York
Publication year: 2005
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME
Book title: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
Start page: 679
End page: 687
ISBN: 0-7918-4698-9


Co-​combustion of coal with biomass or firing biomass alone is increasingly used as a first step to meet the Finnish commitments under the Kyoto agreement. Fluidized bed combustors are commonly used when co-​firing, however, even if FBC have a wide tolerance for different fuel qualities, co-​combustion of biomass or firing biomass alone may lead to unwanted ash-​related problems.

A deposit measurement campaign was done, at the 550 MWth biofueled CFB in Jakobstad, Finland. During the campaign a total of 16 different fuel blends were burned. The deposits were sampled with air-​cooled probes with detachable rings. The deposits were sampled at two different locations, one where the flue gas temp. was about 730°C (probe surface temp. 540°C) and the second where the flue gas temp. was about 530°C (probe surface temp. 350°C)​. From every deposit sample three elemental analyses were done - one from the wind side, one from the lee side, and one from an angle of about 50° from the wind side. The analyses were done with a SEM​/EDX analyzer.

The fuels used during the measurement campaigns were sampled and analyzed. In addn. to proximate and ultimate fuel anal. so called fuel fractionation was applied. The fractionation method is based on selective leaching by water, ammonium acetate, and hydrochloric acid, consecutively. After each leaching step the solns. are analyzed for the most important elements. The method can be used to det. how the elements are bound in the fuel and how they may behave during combustion.

The anal. results from the measurement campaign and from the advanced fuel anal. were combined and are reported in this paper, with emphasis on the fate of chlorine.

Last updated on 2019-24-06 at 04:44