Deconstruction of Nordic hardwood in switchable ionic liquids and acylation of the dissolved cellulose

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Valerie Eta, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola
Publication year: 2016
Journal: Carbohydrate Polymers
Volume number: 136
Start page: 459
End page: 465
eISSN: 1879-1344


Abstract

Nordic hardwood (Betula pendula) was fractionated in a batch autoclave equipped with a custom-made SpinChem® rotating bed reactor, at 120 °C using CO2 and CS2-based switchable ionic liquids systems. Analyses of the non-dissolved wood after treatment showed that 64 wt% of hemicelluloses and 70 wt% of lignin were removed from the native wood. Long processing periods or successive short-time treatments using fresh SILs further decreased the amount of hemicelluloses and lignin in the non-dissolved fraction to 12 and 15 wt%, respectively. The cellulose-rich fraction was partially dissolved in an organic superbase and an ionic liquid system for further derivatization. Homogeneous acylation of the dissolved cellulose in the presence or absence of catalyst resulted in cellulose acetates with variable degree of substitution (DS), depending on the treatment conditions. By varying the reaction conditions, the cellulose acetate with the desired DS could be obtained under mild conditions.

Last updated on 2019-12-12 at 04:45