Synthesis of carbonated vegetable oils: Investigation of microwave effect in a pressurized continuous-flow recycle batch reactor

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: J.-L. Zheng, P. Tolvanen, B. Taouk, K. Eränen, S. Leveneur, T. Salmi
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume number: 132
Start page: 9
End page: 18
eISSN: 1744-3563


With the depletion of fossil resources, it is essential for the chemical industry to find alternative raw materials for polymers. Polyurethanes can be synthesized from vegetable oils and CO2 via an environmentally friendly, non-isocyanate pathway. Carbonation of epoxidized vegetable oil is a key step allowing the feasibility of this method. Because it requires a high temperature, high pressure and long reaction time to achieve complete conversion, microwave technology (MW) is an interesting approach for the intensification of the carbonation process. However, MW-irradiated batch reactor has multiple issues regarding scale-up. A microwave irradiated continuous-flow recycle batch reactor which can operate at high temperature (130 °C) and moderate pressure (8 bar) was used in the present work. The effect of microwave irradiation on the kinetics of carbonation reaction was studied. A kinetic model was developed to compare quantitatively the performance under microwave and conventional heating (CH). It was found that the activation energy of the carbonation reaction was slightly lower with the use of MW irradiation, where the values for CH and MW are respectively 0.385E + 04 J/mol and 0.338E + 04 J/mol.

Last updated on 2019-25-06 at 04:38