History, nation and school inspections: the introduction of
citizenship education in elementary schools in late
nineteenth-century Sweden

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Jakob Evertsson
Publisher: Routledge
Place: London
Publication year: 2015
Journal: History of Education
Volume number: 44
Issue number: 3
Start page: 259
End page: 273
eISSN: 1464-5130


It was in the late nineteenth century that teaching in Sweden’s elementary
schools began its transformation from a religious education to a broader, national
citizenship education that included history and geography. International research
has pointed to a connection between the introduction of school inspections and
the reform of public education during this period. In Sweden, however, the practice
of inspection has not been explored at any length. This article therefore considers
the part played by school inspections in the implementation of a more
extensive curriculum in Swedish elementary schools in the period 1860–1900,
with a particular focus on the subject of history, using a study of inspection
reports from the diocese of Uppsala. It is argued that school inspectors had a key
role in initiating reform at the local level, but also that the move towards
broader-based citizenship education was not a simple, straightforward process.


citizenship education, Educational reform, History teaching, School curriculum, School inspections

Last updated on 2019-12-12 at 03:20