Carbonation of vegetable oils: Influence of mass transfer on reaction kinetics

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Jun L. Zheng, Fabrice Burel, Tapio Salmi, Bechara Taouk, Sébastien Leveneur
Publiceringsår: 2015
Tidskrift: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Volym: 54
Nummer: 43
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 10935
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 10944
eISSN: 1520-5045


Abstrakt

The carbonation of vegetable oils was studied by using tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB) as catalyst. Thermal stability of TBAB was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis, and it was demonstrated that the maximum reaction temperature should not exceed 130 °C. Reaction conditions were optimum at 130 °C, 50 bar, with 3.5% mol of catalyst. The gas–liquid mass-transfer coefficient and solubility of CO2 were determined by taking into account the nonideality of the gas phase using Peng–Robinson state equations. At 130 °C, the CO2 solubility was found to be independent from epoxide conversion and equal to 0.57 mol·L–1, and the gas–liquid mass-transfer coefficient (kLa) decreases with the epoxide conversion, i.e., at 0% of conversion kLa = 0.0249 s–1 and at 94% of conversion kLa = 0.0021 s–1.

Senast uppdaterad 2019-22-11 vid 03:04